Lackawanna Steel Company : A neighborhood Mill

National Library of Albania
Biblioteka Kombëtare e Shqipërisë
Biblioteka Kombëtare e Shqipërisë.svg
Tirana, National Library 2019.jpg
National Library building in 2019
CountryAlbania
Established1922 (100 years ago) (1922)
LocationSkanderbeg Square 9, 1001 Tirana
Coordinates41°19′43″N 19°49′15″E / 41.328564515813724°N 19.82089598407398°E / 41.328564515813724; 19.82089598407398
Collection
Items collectedbooks, journals, newspapers, magazines, maps, atlases, microforms
Size1M items
Other information
DirectorPersida Asllani
Websitebksh.al
Map

The National Library of Albania (Albanian: Biblioteka Kombëtare e Shqipërisë) is an Albanian national library headquartered in the capital, Tirana.[1] It was founded in 1920[2] and inaugurated on December 10, 1922.[2][3]

History

The Library Commission of Albania began planning the National Library of Albania (NLA) as early as 1917 before its creation on July 10, 1920.[4] The NLA is the primary national cultural institution and the oldest in the Albanian State. By the end of World War II, the NLA was housed in multiple locations across Albania. In 1966, it was relocated to its current place in Tirana.[5] Between 1917 and 1995, the collections grew from 3,000 to nearly 1 million items.[5] As keeper of national heritage, the NLA's mission is to "collect, process, restore, preserve and to make available to the public the written cultural heritage of the Albanian people."[4]

With the fall of communism in the 1990s, the NLA enacted new policies to overturn restricted and limited access to information and library materials.[6] During this time, the automated library system was first introduced in Albania as most institutions lacked technology.[6]

The NLA currently occupies two buildings and is organized and functions under the authority of the Ministry of Tourism, Culture, Youth and Sports. At the national level it organizes library education and continuing professional education, and is the study research centre in the field of librarianship, the cataloguing in publications centre, the national ISBN Agency, and the only preservation and restoration centre for special collections. Its archive comprises a total of 1,169.767 books, periodicals, maps, atlases, microfilms and other library materials. The special collections are valuable for national as well as European culture.

The library is open 72 hours a week to anyone over 16 years old. Users can borrow library materials or use them in the reading rooms. The library's website enables the users to search a directory as well as services, such as the OPAC, digitized catalogues, and the digital collections. The NLA organizes exhibitions, book promotions, conferences and so on. First enacted in 1922 and later revised in 1992, the NLA became the archival repository for all Albanian publications by the Legal Deposit Law.[6] As a legal deposit institution the NLA publishes the National Bibliography. For the national library network it publishes the scientific-cultural review Bibliothecae, textbooks, professional guides, and manuals.

Librarianship

Since 1969, the NLA has been home to the National School of Librarianship.[4] Until the University of Tirana created a master's program for Library and Information Science in 2009, the National School of Librarianship was the only program in Albania to offer education for information professionals.[4]

Organizations

The NLA is a member of IFLA, LIBER, CENL, CDNL, The European Library and has been invited officially to become a partner in the World Digital Library.[4]

In an effort to promote library and technology development, Albania established the Library of the Albanian Assembly in 1992 and partnered with the EIFL in 2020.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ "National Library of the Republic of Albania". LibDex. Archived from the original on 2008-07-06. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
  2. ^ a b Etleva Domi (2003-06-23). National Library of Albania (2nd ed.). Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science. ISBN 9780824720797.
  3. ^ "Albanian National Bibliography". University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Archived from the original on May 18, 2007. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
  4. ^ a b c d e DOMI, E. (2011). The National Library of Albania: Tradition and Modern Vision. Alexandria, 21(3), 15-24.
  5. ^ a b Buzo, Tefta (1995). "Planning library buildings in Albania". Library Management. 16 (8): 33–36. doi:10.1108/01435129510098110.
  6. ^ a b c Domi, Etleva (2015). "Albanian libraries in a changing society". Library Trends. 63 (4): 647–662. doi:10.1353/lib.2015.0025.
  7. ^ Bufi, Zana (2001). "The challenge of organization the research service and the Library of Albanian Assembly". INSPEL. 35 (2): 113–119.