Lackawanna Steel Company : A neighborhood Mill

The Program for Cooperative Cataloging is a collaborative cataloging program.

The formation of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging was catalyzed by an article by librarians Dorothy Gregor and Carol Mandel titled "Cataloging Must Change!", published in Library Journal in April 1991.[1][2] Sarah Thomas, head of the Library of Congress's cataloging department, set up a series of meetings to respond to Gregor and Mandel's proposals. The Program for Cooperative Cataloging was one outcome of these meetings. It was founded in late 1994 or early 1995.[1][3]

The program's purpose is to increase the speed and accessibility of producing bibliographic and authority records, and to reduce the associated cost.[4] It has promoted the development of a "core" bibliographic record which contains all necessary data and accordingly reduces the need for editing.[5]

Since the mid-2000s, the program has had four elements:[3][6][7]

  • Bibliographic Record Cooperative Program (BIBCO)
  • Cooperative Online Serials Program (CONSER)
  • Name Authority Cooperative Program (NACO), founded in 1977 by the Library of Congress as a standalone authority control program.[1] In addition to the Library of Congress, the following libraries contribute to NACO: National Library of Mexico, British Library, Library and Archives Canada, National Agricultural Library (U.S.), National Library of Medicine (U.S.), National Library of New Zealand, National Library of Scotland, National Library of South Africa, National Library of Wales.[8] NACO is one of the main contributors to the VIAF.
  • Subject Authority Cooperative Program (SACO)

Member libraries of the program submit records, which conform to a shared set of standards, for use by all other member libraries.[4] Records are sent to the Library of Congress, which collects records on the program's behalf.[9] A library may participate in some or all of these subcomponents; as of the early 2000s, NACO was the most popular.[10]


  1. ^ a b c Culbertson, Rebecca; Schottlaender, Brian E. C. (18 May 2020). "The History and Development of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging". Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. 58 (3–4): 248–256. doi:10.1080/01639374.2020.1726548. ISSN 0163-9374.
  2. ^ Gregor, Dorothy; Mandel, Carol (April 1991). "Cataloging Must Change!". Library Journal. 116 (6): 42–47. ProQuest 1310115077.
  3. ^ a b Maxwell 2002, p. 258.
  4. ^ a b El-Sherbini, Magda (10 February 2010). "Program for Cooperative Cataloging: BIBCO Records: Analysis of Quality". Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. 48 (2–3): 221–236. doi:10.1080/01639370903535726. ISSN 0163-9374.
  5. ^ Taylor, Arlene G. (2010). Wynar's Introduction to Cataloging and Classification (9th ed.). Libraries Unlimited. pp. 440–441. ISBN 1-56308-494-5. OCLC 43930123.
  6. ^ "About the PCC". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ Mitchell, Anne M.; Surratt, Brian E. (2005). Cataloging and Organizing Digital Resources: A How-to-Do-It Manual for Librarians. Facet. p. 89. ISBN 1-85604-556-0. OCLC 58555858.
  8. ^ "VIAF Contributors". Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  9. ^ Chan, Lois Mai (2007). Cataloging and Classification: An Introduction (3d ed.). Scarecrow Press. pp. 482–483. ISBN 978-0-8108-5944-9. OCLC 124031949.
  10. ^ Maxwell 2002, p. 259.